Usually when you want a horizontal list, you need to use float in the CSS code to make it work, with all its drawbacks. However, there is an alternative with display: inline-block.
The problem when you have float in your CSS code is that you need to take some precaution to make the surrounding element to encompass the floated elements, and also to avoid following elements in the code to sneak up next to it.
Another problem is that if you have a floated list that will take up several rows visually speaking and the content is of varying height, you are in for a world of hurt. This is where the magic value inline-block for the display property comes into play.Difference Between Inline and Block Elements CSS
A simple example will look like this:. As you can see, display: inline-block; helps us here to render three square gray boxes next to each other. Awesome, right? However, with varying content, we need to add the property vertical-align: top to make sure everything is aligned to the top. I hope so far that I have managed to get you to realize the potential and simplicity of this approach.
That is, since the elements become rendered inline, white-space in your HTML code will affect the rendering. That means, if we want perfect size and alignment, but we have space between the LI elements in our code example, it will render a 4 pixel margin to the right of each element. As you can see, the third item will now fall down to the next row.
Which sucks! However, if we were to place the LI elements directly after each other, they would all be rendered in the same line:.
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So, the conclusion is that white-space dependent rendering blows! But, there are also great possibilities with display: inline-blockso I advise you to try it out, play around with it and see if it works fine in your specific context.
Cross-Browser Inline-Block. Different developers might not understand that they've made invisible mistakes when updating your carefully crafted code. I am not suggesting we should cater to the lowest common denominator, but this shit is tricky to spot. Also, you have no control over what happens to your code once it leaves the server, different proxies do very different things to html, and then there is Opera Turbo … does anyone know how it treats whitespace? Any thoughts on the different perceptions on this?
I use inline-block from time to time. It can save you a few lines of extra CSS, getting floats to behave. And I love how logical IE7 is — first you declare something inline-block, then switch it to inline to get it working, because that makes perfect sense.
With IE 7, in my testing at least, setting hasLayout and changing display to inline has been necessary. Really thanks to give solution for removing space,while using display:block and display:inline-block. Great keep going.Below are all the different methods of preventing a div from breaking to the next line. It is an inline-level element and does not break to the next line unless its default behavior is changed. To make these examples easier to use and understand for all types of computer users, we're using the style attribute in the div.
If you intend to use any of these examples on multiple pages, we highly recommend creating a cacheable CSS file with the style settings in the file. Below, we'll show the divs as different colors to help illustrate how much space they occupy where they're placed on the screen. Below is an example of the default div behavior of the block element Div one occupying the first line of its containing element followed by the second Div two. To reduce the size of Div one to make room for the other div, because they are block elements you would be left with space next to Div one and Div two below Div one.
To move the div up to the next line both div's need to have the inline-block display setting as shown below. Below are a few different examples of a three column div. First, the below three column div follows the same idea as the above examples except it adds a div. In the example below, instead of keeping all div's on the same line using inline-block, we are floating the left and right div. Although the above example of a three div column is responsive, additional customization such as hiding Div three and adjusting the widths can also be added to the style.
Note To make these examples easier to use and understand for all types of computer users, we're using the style attribute in the div. Div one.
Div three. Tip Although the above example of a three div column is responsive, additional customization such as hiding Div three and adjusting the widths can also be added to the style. How to start in HTML and web design. HTML help and support. Was this page useful?Please note that setting percentages on all three, parent, child wrapper and the child elements li may yield unwanted results as each element's width would be calculated with respect to the width of their respective containing blocks.
If you want to make fluid boxes then it's best to use the display: inline-block technique explained earlier. Create stunning paper effects using one of the ten Photoshop patterns included in the package. Combine with paper textures to achieve realistic paper effects.
Use it to create overlays, widgets, lightboxes etc. All Rights Reserved. Website built with BitFrame Microframework. Latest tutorials scripts templates graphics audio. Share Facebook LinkedIn Twitter. Forcing inline-block Elements On One Line To get all elements to appear on one line the easiest way is to: Set white-space property to nowrap on a parent element that has overflow-x: auto set to show horizontal scrollbars.
Have display: inline-block set on all child elements. Using display: inline-block may leave unwanted gaps between elements, read our guide on how to remove the gap between inline-block elements. Connect Contact Facebook Twitter.Learn Development at Frontend Masters. We often want the elements to butt up against each other.
In the case of navigation, that means it avoids the awkward little unclickable gaps. You want spaces between words that you type to be spaces right? The spaces between these blocks are just like spaces between words. The reason you get the spaces is because, well, you have spaces between the elements a line break and a few tabs counts as a space, just to be clear.
Minimized HTML will solve this problem, or one of these tricks:. You can scoot the elements back into place with negative 4px of margin may need to be adjusted based on font size of parent.
That allows you to set their width and height and padding and stuff. If the browser support is acceptable to you and what you need out of inline-block is centering, you could use flexbox. Frontend Masters is the best place to get it. I always use the negative margin method, but the floating method, simple as it is, will be of great help to me. Landis and Julian: You guys may want to reconsider the negative margin technique.
Fighting the Space Between Inline Block Elements
Using left: -5px; might be a good idea, but of course that brings all kinds of scary risks with it. Leaving off closing tags is like running across the beach naked. The horra! I use the negative margin too. I too have always used the negative margin method, I might start using the font-size technique however — just seems too simple to give it a miss.
All of the other techniques either toy with the underlying code or create an association that I or another developer using my code would need to be mindful of. Also, you have to clear them. This bugs in Firefox in floats, so better separate letter-spacing to Webkit-only browsers.
Just saying… I have used the YUI grid system for over a year now and have had no problems. I have tested about every grid system out there, and the YUI one takes the cup for being both light weight, bullet proof, and responsive with modification. Sreejesh KV, such a sollution is definitely better than a negative margin : Especially when the elements need to be alined left where the negative-margin method would shift the first list item too.
The way I used to handle it is not to apply the shift for the first element via the :first-child selector. Floating, suggested by many people here, makes the elements block-level, they are not inline-blocks anymore then.
If its a Nav, just float the darn things. So what it comes down to, as Chris said, is the space between elements. My findings led me to what Geert De Deckere posted as the best way to solve the problem.Ark argentavis trap
The dark mode beta is finally here. Change your preferences any time. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. All of the elements within. Instead, you have the strangeness that occurs in the aforementioned fiddle.
What is causing. Also, I acknowledge that a table may be a better way of approaching this whole setup, but I want to figure out the problem from the code above so I can learn from this mistake.
The baseline of an 'inline-block' is the baseline of its last line box in the normal flow, unless it has either no in-flow line boxes or if its 'overflow' property has a computed value other than 'visible', in which case the baseline is the bottom margin edge.
This is a common issue involving inline-block elements. In this case, the default value of the vertical-align property is baseline. If you change the value to topit will behave as expected. The elements inside. Therefore, their vertical alignment is specified by the vertical-align property:.Hans camille vancol
This property affects the vertical positioning inside a line box of the boxes generated by an inline-level element. Align the baseline of the box with the baseline of the parent box.
If the box does not have a baseline, align the bottom margin edge with the parent's baseline. Change the vertical alignment of the elements, e. Set the overflow of the elements to something different than visiblee. Make sure the elements have no in-flow line box, so that their baseline will be their bottom margin edge.
That is, the contents should be out of flow :. An element is called out of flow if it is floated, absolutely positioned, or is the root element. An element is called in-flow if it is not out-of-flow. So for example, you can place the contents of the elements in a wrapper, and style it with float: left :.
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Change your preferences any time. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. I need for element2 to line up next to element1 with about 10 pixels of padding between the two. The problem is that element2's width can change depending on content and browser font size, etc. Is there a uniform way to line them up? I tried margin-right with a percentage, I tried a negative margin on element1 to bring element2 closer but couldn't get it to work.
By using display: inline-block; And more generally when you have a parent always there is a parent except for html use display: inline-block; for the inner elements.
Add for the parent the two property:.
For this example particularly, you can apply the above as fellow i'm supposing the parent is body. And overlow-x:auto; to activate scrolling, when the element get over the frame limit. In cases where I use floated elements like that, I usually need to be sure that the container element will always be big enough for the widths of both floated elements plus the desired margin to all fit inside of it.
The easiest way to do that is obviously to give both inner elements fixed widths that will fit correctly inside of the outer element like this:. If you can't do that because this is a scaling width layout, another option is to have every set of dimensions be percentages like:. While this isn't a floated solution, it does result in side by side columns where they are the same height, and one can remain fluid with while the other has a static width.
Adjust your width and padding as per your requirement. Learn more. Asked 8 years, 2 months ago. Active 10 months ago. Viewed k times. I have two elements on the same line floated left and floated right. I also cannot change the markup. What's wrong with floating the both left and using a left-margin on element 2? Don't they have a fixed or fluid width? Active Oldest Votes.Compared to display: inlinethe major difference is that display: inline-block allows to set a width and height on the element.
Compared to display: blockthe major difference is that display: inline-block does not add a line-break after the element, so the element can sit next to other elements. The following example shows the different behavior of display: inlinedisplay: inline-block and display: block :. One common use for display: inline-block is to display list items horizontally instead of vertically.
The following example creates horizontal navigation links:. If you want to report an error, or if you want to make a suggestion, do not hesitate to send us an e-mail:. Margins Margin Collapse. Float Clear Float Examples.
Navbar Vertical Navbar Horizontal Navbar. Example span. HOW TO. Your message has been sent to W3Schools. W3Schools is optimized for learning, testing, and training. Examples might be simplified to improve reading and basic understanding. Tutorials, references, and examples are constantly reviewed to avoid errors, but we cannot warrant full correctness of all content.
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